The Bechdel, Russo, and Race Test: Interstellar

Interstellar passed the Bechdel test but did not pass the Russo or race test.

There was only one moment where women had a conversation with each other, and in that instance, they did not mention men so the film passed the Bechdel test. And while the film just barely passed the Bechdel test, it did not get anywhere close to passing the Russo or race test. For example, there were no LGBTI characters, and non-White characters never spoke to each other so Interstellar was an obvious fail on both accounts.

*The Bechdel test entails three requirements:
1. It has to have at least two (named) women in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something besides a man

**The Vito Russo test entails three requirements:
1. The film contains a character that is identifiably lesbian, gay, bisexual, intersex and/or transgender
2. The character must not be solely or predominately defined by her sexual orientation, gender identity and/or as being intersex
3.The character must be tied into the plot in such a way that her removal would have a significant effect

***The race or people of color (POC) test has three requirements:
1. It has two people of color in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something other than a White person

****Just because a film passes the Bechdel, Russo and race test does not mean that it is not sexist, heterosexist, racist and/or cissexist, etc. The Bechdel, Russo and race test is only a bare minimum qualifier for the representation of LGBTI individuals, women and people of color in film. The failure to pass these tests also does not identify whether the central character was a woman, a person of color or a LGBTQI individual and it does not dictate the quality of the film.

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