The Bechdel, Russo, and Race Test: Laggies

In Laggies, Keira Knightley plays a 28-year-old woman named Megan who is directionless and has no idea what she wants to do with her life. All that she does know is that all of her friends are growing up and changing and she no longer feels like she fits in with them. Thus, when her boyfriend proposes to her and she catches her dad cheating on her mom, she decides to take a break from life and she moves in with a teenage girl and her father. And it is while with them, that Megan finally figures out what she wants to do with her life, but by the time she takes action, it may already be too late and she may have lost what and whom she truly cares about.

The Bechdel, Russo, and Race Test

Laggies passes the Bechdel test but does not pass the Russo or race test.

Laggies passes the Bechdel test because there are several occasions where named women talk to each other without mentioning men, but the film does not pass the Russo or race test because there are no LGBTI or non-White characters.

*The Bechdel test entails three requirements:
1. It has to have at least two (named) women in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something besides a man

*The Vito Russo test entails three requirements:
1. The film contains a character that is identifiably lesbian, gay, bisexual, intersex and/or transgender
2. The character must not be solely or predominately defined by her sexual orientation, gender identity and/or as being intersex
3.The character must be tied into the plot in such a way that her removal would have a significant effect

***The race or people of color (POC) test has three requirements:
1. It has two people of color in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something other than a White person

****Just because a film passes the Bechdel, Russo and race test does not mean that it is not sexist, heterosexist, racist and/or cissexist, etc. The Bechdel, Russo and race test is only a bare minimum qualifier for the representation of LGBTI individuals, women and people of color in film. The failure to pass these tests also does not identify whether the central character was a woman, a person of color or a LGBTQI individual and it does not dictate the quality of the film.

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