The Bechdel, Russo, and Race Test: The Invisible Woman

The Invisible Woman failed to pass the Russo and race test, but passed the Bechdel test.

There was one non-White character in The Invisible Woman who spoke a single line to a White woman and there were absolutely no LGBT characters in the film so The Invisible Woman obviously failed to pass the race and Russo test. Then, when it came to the representation of women, there were several female characters in The Invisible Woman, but men did most of the talking, and the few times that women did speak it was almost always to a man or about a man. However, the film did manage to pass the Bechdel since there were a couple of instances where named women spoke to each other without mentioning men (though those few sentences did not have much substance to them)

*The Bechdel test entails three requirements:
1. It has to have at least two (named) women in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something besides a man

**The Vito Russo test entails three requirements:
1. The film contains a character that is identifiably lesbian, gay, bisexual, intersex and/or transgender
2. The character must not be solely or predominately defined by her sexual orientation, gender identity and/or as being intersex
3.The character must be tied into the plot in such a way that her removal would have a significant effect

***The race or people of color (POC) test has three requirements:
1. It has two people of color in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something other than a White person

****Just because a film passes the Bechdel, Russo and race test does not mean that it is not sexist, heterosexist, racist and/or cissexist, etc. The Bechdel, Russo and race test is only a bare minimum qualifier for the representation of LGBTI individuals, women and people of color in film. The failure to pass these tests also does not identify whether the central character was a woman, a person of color or a LGBTQI individual and it does not dictate the quality of the film.

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