The Bechdel, Russo, and Race Test: Keitai Kareshi

Despite the fact that Keitai Kareshi had such a large female cast the film barely passed the Bechdel test. In fact, there were only one or two instances when the women didn’t speak about men. The film did, though, easily pass the race test since the entire cast was Asian, and I don’t believe they ever even mentioned White people. However, while the film passed the Bechdel and the race test it completely failed the Russo test, and the film did not pass the Russo test due to the fact that there were absolutely no LGBT characters.

*The Bechdel test entails three requirements:
1. It has to have at least two (named) women in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something besides a man

**The Vito Russo test entails three requirements:
1. The film contains a character that is identifiably lesbian, gay, bisexual, intersex and/or transgender
2. The character must not be solely or predominately defined by her sexual orientation, gender identity and/or as being intersex
3.The character must be tied into the plot in such a way that her removal would have a significant effect

***The race or people of color (POC) test has three requirements:
1. It has two people of color in it
2. Who talk to each other
3. About something other than a White person

****Just because a film passes the Bechdel, Russo and race test does not mean that it is not sexist, heterosexist, racist and/or cissexist, etc. The Bechdel, Russo and race test is only a bare minimum qualifier for the representation of LGBTI individuals, women and people of color in film. The failure to pass these tests also does not identify whether the central character was a woman, a person of color or a LGBTQI individual and it does not dictate the quality of the film.